An overview of ancient athenian and spartan cultures

An Overview of the Rich Greek Culture That'll Surely Fascinate You

Their work was appreciated for many years. Divorce has been made easy and dowry system has been abolished. People of the lower class wore bright-colored tunics.

On the West side: It had major effects on the Roman Empire which ultimately ruled it. Baklava, moussaka, pastichio, gemista and kleftiko are the most famous Greek recipes.

The Acharnian Gate, leading to the deme Acharnai. Consisting largely of an elected assembly, nearly every Athenian rule or law passed was first considered and debated by assembly members to ensure it benefited the good of all. The Theatre of Dionysuson the southeast slope of the Acropolis, was the great theatre of the state.

But the many fragments of her songs which survive today attest to the high reputation in which the ancients held her. The only truly military state in ancient Greece, Spartans, men, women and children were born into, and lived in an existence that was ruled by regiment and organisation.

The Kollytosin the southern part of the city, south and southwest of the Acropolis. Athens consisted of two distinct parts: One racial group of these Indo-Europeans was called the Ionians. Thus, this age is also known as the Age of Lawgivers. The silver mines of Laurion contributed significantly to the development of Athens in the 5th century BC, when the Athenians learned to prospect, treat, and refine the ore and used the proceeds to build a massive fleet, at the instigation of Themistocles.

Philosophy and science Building on the discoveries and knowledge of civilizations in Egypt and Mesopotamia, among others, the Ancient Greeks developed a sophisticated philosophical and scientific culture.

In addition, the Greek concern with simplicity, proportion, perspective, and harmony in their buildings would go on to greatly influence architects in the Roman world and provide the foundation for the classical architectural orders which would dominate the western world from the Renaissance to the present day.

More important for our purposes, lyric poetry like Sappho's played an important role in the formulation of Greek drama which borrowed heavily from lyric modes of expression and, in fact, rose at the very time that lyric poetry began to fade.

It is among the 24 official languages of the European Union. Indoctrination into this lifestyle began early.

Classical Greek culture

Particularly, many of the Greek myths read and studied today are traceable to this time period. The Acharnian Gate, leading to the deme Acharnai. This epoch now known as the Pre-Classical Age BCE is also called the Age of Tyrants because powerful individuals came to rule the majority of these city-states by overthrowing the existing regime in a military coup.

They thought it was important to perform the death rituals to keep the spirits of the dead from haunting the upper world. Subsequently, the Athenians and their allies, led by Themistoclesdefeated the Persian navy at sea in the Battle of Salamis. As the country is located on the corner spot between Europe, Asia and Africa, the Greek culture is actually a mixture of European and Eastern elements.[For a more detailed history and cultural overview of ancient Greece, see the Perseus web site (click here).] I.

Geography and Greek Culture The geography of Greece is a primary factor, if not the pre-eminent feature of the culture and lives of the ancient populations who lived there.

Classical Athens

Athens and Sparta were the two main city states that ruled much of ancient Greece. They were often rivals and fought each other in the Peloponnesian Wars. At other times they united together in order to protect the Greek lands from invaders. Ancient Spartan Food and Diet In ancient Sparta the diet was typically basic and limited by the local resources of the Greek landscape.

The Spartans were not as in love with their food as most of ancient Greece, and their diet was more humble and basic. Greek culture influenced the Roman Empire and many other civilizations, and it continues to influence modern cultures today.

Philosophy and science Building on the discoveries and knowledge of civilizations in Egypt and Mesopotamia, among others, the Ancient Greeks developed a sophisticated philosophical and scientific culture.

Both daily life and education were very different in Sparta [militant], than in Athens [arts and culture] or in the other ancient Greek city-states.

The goal of education in Sparta, an authoritarian, military city-state, was to produce soldier-citizens who were well-drilled, well-disciplined marching army. Spartan society and Athenian society had many difference and similarities in terms of various aspects of everyday life, military, women and other aspects.

Notes This article was written for a grade 9 "Elective History" in-class assessment, in a time period of 55 minutes.

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An overview of ancient athenian and spartan cultures
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